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20世纪世界著名投资大师 江恩理论简述

20世纪世界著名投资大师 江恩理论简述

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For what I remember, I was always more afraid than anyone else. What happened? Almost nothing - I just had 20世纪世界著名投资大师 江恩理论简述 the bout. Are there any spasms of something wrong? Maybe he's afraid he's contagious. And then why are you talking about the devil? Why a prison? I had a piece of bread. It was fresh and fragrant. Yesterday I made him his own hand. I have to say that I really did this time. Suddenly my bite began to bang in my throat. Somewhere near the window, he sat down and 20世纪世界著名投资大师 江恩理论简述 began to sneak around his changing trills around. He whispers and leaves for a moment where he likes. Everywhere he finds something in his beak . I've been trying to be in his place .

20世纪世界著名投资大师 江恩理论简述

免费pdf下载,趋势 is a great book that will not leave you indifferent after reading.

Please note that this site may not have this book. We collect traffic from all over the internet. Nevertheless, our advertisers are trying to collect for you the largest number of interesting and fresh books. If you have any questions, write to the contacts listed on the main page! All information is collected from open sources.

For what I remember, I was always more afraid than anyone else. What happened? Almost nothing - I just had the bout. Are there any spasms of something wrong? Maybe he's afraid he's contagious. And then why are you talking about the devil? Why a prison? I had a piece of bread. It was fresh and fragrant. Yesterday I made him his own hand. I have to say that I really did this time. Suddenly my bite began to bang in my throat. Somewhere near the window, he sat down and began to sneak around his changing trills around. He 20世纪世界著名投资大师 江恩理论简述 whispers and leaves for a moment where he likes. Everywhere he finds something in his beak . I've been trying to be in his place .

投资大师巴菲特长期投资理念

dwater 于 2006-07-01 20世纪世界著名投资大师 江恩理论简述 08:45:00 发布 2093 收藏 1

投资大师巴菲特长期投资理念
投资易于了解的企业
“如果你没有持有一种股票10年的准备,那么连十分钟都不要持有这种股票”,这是投资大师沃伦·巴菲特对于股票投资的基本态度。本文将进一步分析巴菲特长期投资的理念,并就巴菲特近来持股的表现加以分析,作为投资人进军海外股市的参考。

创下永不亏损记录
如将巴菲特旗下的伯克希尔·哈撒韦公司32年来的逐年投资绩效与美国标准-普尔500种股票价格指数绩效相比,可以发现巴菲特在其中的29年击败指数,只有三年落后指数,更难能可贵的是其中五年当美国股市陷入空头走势回档之际,巴菲特却创下逐年“永不亏损”的记录。因此巴菲特的投资理念不但为他创造了惊人的230亿美元的财富,其选股方法亦相当值得全球投资人学习。
巴菲特的选股方法乃师承基本学派大师本·格雷厄姆(BenGraham)与菲利普·费希尔(PhilipFisher)。前者以“定量分析”为主,后者以“定性分析”为擅长,巴菲特则是集二者于大成。
格雷厄姆首创“安全边际”(MarginOfSafety)的稳健投资观念,他认为如股票价值底于实质价值(IntrinsicValue),此种股票即存在“安全边际”,因此他建议投资人将精力用于辨认价格被低估的股票,而不管大盘的表现。由于他对定量分析的贡献,后世已公认他为财务分析之父。格雷厄姆“严禁损失”的投资哲学,更成为日后巴菲特奉行的圭臬。
费希尔则是主张投资成长率高于平均水准、利润相对成长以及拥有卓越管理阶层的企业。他与格雷厄姆最大不同之处,在于费希尔认为仅仅阅读公司财务报告并不足以判断是否应该投资,而应尽可能地从熟悉该公司的人士获取第一手资讯,此种方式已成为目前基金经理人选股前的必备条件。巴菲特则是将这两种投资方法加以发扬光大。 以巴菲特至1996年底的投资组合(附表略)加以说明,其中八种主要持股市值占伯克希尔·哈撒韦公司该年277.5亿美元持股市值的87%,如果将此等股票由1996年底迄今的报酬率加以计算,在14个月来的组合投资报酬率进一步上涨至37.72%。

着眼利基稳扎稳打
观察巴菲特持有的这八种股票,几乎每一种股票都是家喻户晓的全球著名企业,其中可口可乐为全球最大的饮料公司,吉列刮胡刀则占有全球60%便利刮胡刀市场,美国运通银行的运通卡与旅行支票则是跨国旅行的必备工具,富国银行拥有加州最多的商业不动产市场并位居美国十大银行之一,联邦住宅贷款抵押公司则是美国两大住宅贷款业者之一,迪斯尼在购并大都会/美国广播公司之后,以成为全球第一大传播与娱乐公司,麦当劳亦为全球第一大快餐业者,华盛顿邮报则是美国最受尊敬的报社之一,获利能力又远高于同业。
分析此等企业的共同特点,在于每一家企业均具有强劲的市场利基,已使得此等企业拥有巴菲特所谓的“特许权”(Franchise),而与一般的“大宗商品”(Commodity)不同。巴菲特对此种特许权的浅显定义,是消费者在一家商店买不到某种商品(例如可口可乐或吉列刮胡刀),虽然有其他类似竞争产品,但消费者仍然会过街寻找此种商品。而且此种产品优势在可预见的未来都很难改变,这就是他“长期投资”甚至“永久投资”的基本面因素。
更重要的是巴菲特对此等企业的营运前景相当“确定”,因此他的投资风险相对大幅下降,他对许多机构投资人动辄买进一二百种股票的作法颇不以为然,因为在公司数目过多的情况下,经理人根本无法深入每一家公司的营运状况,结果反而增加部分资金亏损的风险。
对于近年来许多大幅上涨的高科技股,巴菲特亦坦承因为他无法多了解此一产业,所以他“避开”科技股。此中原因是股市中拥有大量的科技公司,但谁也没把握哪几家公司最后会脱颖而出,与其涉入高风险的投资,不如“稳扎稳打”地投资自己所熟悉的领域,因为巴菲特的信念之一是“投资易于了解的企业”。